This is the Glossary for Totem’s course Desk Research
Anonymous: Adjective of “Anonymity”, the state of an individual's personal identity, or personally identifiable information, being publicly unknown.
Cache: In computing, a cache is a hardware or software component that stores data so that future requests for that data can be served faster; the data stored in a cache might be the result of an earlier computation or a copy of data stored elsewhere.
Cached pages or files: Snapshot of a web page or a file online that is stored as a back-up.
Clues: Anything that serves to guide in the solution of a problem. Also: evidence.
Confidential: Done or communicated in confidence; secret.
Corroborate: To strengthen or support with other evidence.
Deniable: Capable of being denied or contradicted.
Fact-checking: The process of checking that all the facts in a piece of writing, a news article, a speech, etc. are correct.
Google dorking: A hacking technique that makes use of Google's advanced search services to locate valuable data or hard-to-find content.
Indexing web page: Methods for indexing the contents of a website or of the Internet as a whole. Whereas a Web crawler visits a website for tracking purposes; after crawling has been done, the results are indexed (i.e. made available in a web search).
Instagram: A popular photo-sharing service.
Logbook: A record book with periodic entries. In out case your note book with records of your findings and clues in your investigation.
Paris Agreement: An agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance, signed in 2016 in Paris.
Text Robot: A common name of a text file that is uploaded to a Web site's root directory and linked in the html code of the Web site. The robots.txt file is used to provide instructions about the Web site to Web robots.
VPN: A virtual private network (VPN) is a private network that is built over an internet public infrastructure. Security mechanisms, such as encryption, allow VPN users to securely access a network from different locations via a public network, most frequently the Internet.
Wayback machine: the Wayback machine allows people all across the web to indexes and archives cached information from billions of webpages.
Web crawler: A computer program that automatically and systematically searches web pages for certain keywords.