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This is the Glossary for Totem’s course Desk Research

Anonymous: Adjective of “Anonymity”, the state of an individual's personal identity, or personally identifiable information, being publicly unknown.

Cache: In computing, a cache is a hardware or software component that stores data so that future requests for that data can be served faster; the data stored in a cache might be the result of an earlier computation or a copy of data stored elsewhere.

Cached pages or files: Snapshot of a web page or a file online that is stored as a back-up.

Clues: Anything that serves to guide in the solution of a problem. Also: evidence.

Confidential: Done or communicated in confidence; secret.

Corroborate: To strengthen or support with other evidence.

Deniable: Capable of being denied or contradicted.

Fact-checking: The process of checking that all the facts in a piece of writing, a news article, a speech, etc. are correct.

Google dorking: A hacking technique that makes use of Google's advanced search services to locate valuable data or hard-to-find content.

Indexing web page: Methods for indexing the contents of a website or of the Internet as a whole. Whereas a Web crawler visits a website for tracking purposes; after crawling has been done, the results are indexed (i.e. made available in a web search).

Instagram: A popular photo-sharing service.

Logbook: A record book with periodic entries. In out case your note book with records of your findings and clues in your investigation.

Paris Agreement: An agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance, signed in 2016 in Paris.

Text Robot: A common name of a text file that is uploaded to a Web site's root directory and linked in the html code of the Web site. The robots.txt file is used to provide instructions about the Web site to Web robots.

VPN: A virtual private network (VPN) is a private network that is built over an internet public infrastructure. Security mechanisms, such as encryption, allow VPN users to securely access a network from different locations via a public network, most frequently the Internet.

Wayback machine: the Wayback machine allows people all across the web to  indexes and archives cached information from billions of webpages.

Web crawler: A computer program that automatically and systematically searches web pages for certain keywords.